Nepal “the Country of Himalayas” is often called “the crown of the world” as it has some of the highest mountains in the world including the Mount Everest (8848 m). There are many adventurous trails and circuits surrounding these mountains, which let the travelers, experience the great Himalayan range up-close. As enchanting as the Himalayas appear it can be equally dangerous so equipping you with proper trekking gear and provisions should be on the top of your priority lists.
The ‘right’ equipment depends, however, on the type of trekking, time of year, general weather conditions, and the maximum altitude of the trek. So it is very important to know about “the equipment required for trekking in Nepal.”
What do you need during the trek in Nepal?
Depending on whether you are going on mountain trekking, day hiking or city sightseeing tour, your need and requirement vary accordingly. Smart packing should be done rather than big packing, as a quote goes “on a long journey even a straw weighs heavy”. Heavy clothes like jeans should be avoided and light weighed like cotton-tops, sweatshirts should be prioritised.
Sleeping bags that have the minimum weight, size and are relatively more resistant to water is highly recommended. The Himalayan region gets quite cold during the night, so a good quality sleeping bag will determine how well you will sleep during the night.
Inflatable Sleeping Pad
An inflatable sleeping pad is an addition to the mattresses. It will add warmth and helps you to have quality sleep. These are not necessary however packing one in your bag pack is a wise idea.
Daypack basically means the essentials required in your bag pack. Equipment like water bottles, sun-screen, camera, as nice fitting belts and your gear that will help you travel longer are included in a daypack. The bag itself shouldn’t be heavy so that it won’t complicate the trekking. The daypack can be useful for short trips/hikes.
Solar Panel & Backup Chargers
Generally, Himalayan regions aren’t as facilitated as another region. There is a high chance of not having electricity facilities in your hotel/ teahouse, so packing up a portable solar panel and backup power bank will be beneficial. It helps to charge flashlight and mobile phones which one can use in time of need.
Boots are one of the most important equipment for trekking as Legs take the most tolls in trekking. Investing in a good quality of boot will not only avoid you form the elements of the environment but will also determine your comfort level at the end of the day’s trek. A good boot must be waterproof, have a good grip, well ventilated and most importantly have a proper fit. This in return will provide you with ankle support making your trek less treacherous.
A pair of sandals is a nice addition in your bag pack as it allows you to roam around your campsite and rivers without the hassle of tying your boot laces.
Four good pairs of socks are as important as your boots. Without socks, there is a greater chance of getting shoe bites and also it helps to keep you warm for which lighter wool pair of socks is highly recommended.
At higher altitude, even during summer (March- October) mornings and evenings might get pretty cold. To keep you warm during such chilly environment down jackets are a must. Not Only does it protect you against cold but it also helps to provide a layer of protection against from rain.
Rain jackets are useful for the unexpected rain shower or windy days. It will also let you sweat without feeling like you’re wearing a plastic bag. In serious soggy weather, pack rain pants too.
Base-layers basically means different types of the thermal coat to carry while trekking. These are worn underneath jackets and trekking pants. You would like to have two pairs of undergarments, one lightweight bottom, two lightweight tops, one mid-weight top, and one expedition weight top.
Your legs carry you through the trails, so keeping your legs warm in subzero temperature is quite hard. To battle against this we must pack our bags with a pair of down pants which ensures your legs to be warm and comfortable.
You may face snow blindness or your eyes may get hurt because of the UV rays from the sun so a pair of 100% UV protection sunglass is essential to add in your bag-pack. Sunglasses should be as dark as possible to keep your eye comfortable on the brightest day. It is also helpful when it comes to strong wind and blowing particles.
You need to invest a good amount on trekking pants because these are the cloth you’ll be wearing for most of your trip. It should be lightweight, breathable and quick drying. As you will be packing only a few (1-2) trekking pants, those few should be very convenient to wash/dry.
Warm Hat/ Gloves
A warm hat and pair of two gloves are other equipment to be added to your list. It is usually required at early mornings and evenings. You should carry two pairs of gloves one being real thick for extreme cold and another relatively thinner.
As there aren’t any guarantees of electricity in the Himalayas, a headlamp or torch with extra sets of batteries is required for the dark times or in any case of emergencies. You might be trekking in the night at times and packing up with a set of headlamps/ torch will certainly be fruitful.
First Aid Kit
Injuries are uncertain so we need to be prepared. If an accident happens you cannot be a helpless witness, since simply standing by can potentially worsen the situation. This is why it is important to carry first aid kit until some medical help arrives.
For safe drinking water, we need to carry water purifications. There is no guarantee of safe drinking water otherwise as mineral waters are not available everywhere.
You’ll want to have a camera to document your trip. Bring enough memory cards and an extra battery for your camera so that you won’t run out of battery or space. You’ll be able to charge our camera several times during the trek on our solar unit.
A crampon is used to improve the mobility on the snow and ice during the climbing period. Crampon helps in secure travel on the glaciers, ice-fields, snowfields, scaling ice-covered rock, and ascending snow slopes.
Gaiters are made of plasticised synthetic cloth such as polyester, which is used to wear over lower pants leg and shoe as protective equipment while trekking on the high elevation.
An Ice Axe is a climbing and hiking tool, which is used by mountaineers and trekkers both in the ascent and descent that includes ice/snow trails. It can be used in several different ways depending on the terrain.
The carabiner is also known as D-Rings, is a special kind of shackle used to attach the rope or other equipment during climbing. The carabiner is usually made of aluminum or heavier steel.
Ascender is a device, that is attached to the climbing rope and help climbers to ascend the rope. You can find ascenders in several shapes and sizes. Not every ascender can be used in every situation, some are used in caving, some users on a big wall, whereas some are used for rescue work or ascending on a frozen rope.
The harness is an equipment used for rock-climbing or other activities that require ropes to give access. A harness secures climbers to a rope or an anchor point.
A rappel is a mechanical device used to control the rope during climbing. It is specially designed to increase the safety of the climber by allowing to belay with minimal effort. Rappel devices act as a friction brake so that when a climber falls with any slack in the rope, the fall is brought to a stop.
Adjustable Ski/Trekking Poles
Adjustable Ski/Trekking Poles helps trekkers to stay upright and stabilise movements on the rocky trail. They save your legs a lot of exertion. They also save your lots of energy during trekking and allows you to enjoy our trek much more.
Ski Goggles helps you to protect your eyes from the elements like wind, snow, and harmful UV rays during the trek to the higher elevation. It also helps to improve vision so that you get to see the mountain in the bad weather.
It is very important to keep yourself hydrated during the trek, and you need to drink 3 to 4 liters of water each day during the trek. You are advised to carry reusable water bottles and use SteriPEN, which is a handheld UV water purifier during traveling to the isolated regions of Nepal. It helps to decrease the uses of plastic water bottles and preserve the region from pollution.